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tv   News  Al Jazeera  December 22, 2013 3:00am-3:31am EST

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cl >> trying to regain control. south sudan's president deploys hundreds of troops to fight rebels. [ ♪ music ] >> hello there, you're watching al jazeera live from doha. also coming up... ..tensions rise in thailand's capital as protesters are pushed back outside the prime minister's house. >> reunited with his family former russian oligarch mikhail khordorkovsky adjusts to life on the outside after a decade in gaol. >> and the beat of life.
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french doctors carry out the world's most advanced artificial heart transplant. the south sudan government led by president salva kiir is trying to hold off a rebellion by forces loyal to the former vice president. troops are advantaging to bor. journalists have been told forces have taken control of unity state. a state key in the oil producing country. >> the crisis is more dangerous. the government is sending troops and tanks to jonglei. rehn gayed soldiers are taking control of the state capital and are attacking people. on saturday gunfire hit fully
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u.s. military aircraft as they were about to land and evacuate american citizens from the town. four u.s. citizens were injured. in the middle of this are civilians looking for protection. 35,000 are camped out at u.n. compounds. >> bor is strategic. therefore within the crisis both factions and the government forces are using it as a point that they want to dominate. however, even the united nations has become a target. on saturday it held a memorial service. it had been attacked by 2,000 from the tribe. this attack happened like a frontal attack on the base itself. the two peace keepers killed
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were killed in action preventing, trying to protect the entry into the camp. >> the fighting began with a power struggle between rival factions in the army. >> it got worse when the president accused the former depu deputy, riek machar, of attempting a coup. >> african foreign ministers met with the south sudan government to discuss the conflict. now the worry that the violence is turning to civil war between different tribes. >> the danger of it moving into a sectarian struggle is high. all political leaders have supreme responsibility to make sure that it does not degenerate into tribal or sectarian conflict. if it does, nobody knows how to
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resolve such conflict. until they do, the fighting will go on and the country will remain the most stable. >> first of all, reports that riek machar's forces have taken control of unity state. what are you hearing about that. >> the government say they are in control, oil is still flowing but the rebels say they are in control. army commanders are saying they are not part of the rebellion. we hear claims and counterclaims. we rely on terrifying stories coming from the oil workers trying to get out of the area. they are seeing people billed. not just there, but bor, with soldiers are sent to try to capture the town. they are saying there's looting in the town, bodies on the streets and fighting going on.
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very disturbing news. >> as the violence spirals, foreign powers are becoming more worried by what is happening. the u.s. is saying if the fighting doesn't stop the u.s. could withhold international aid from south sudan. people are really concerned. whether that will work, who knows. the president will be concerned. it's a poor country. they need all the help they can get to build up the infrastructure destroyed by the civil war. whether the threat will be taken seriously, we don't know. they are refusing peace talks with the president. here in juba we are seeing people in the cars without speakers on. speaking innara -- speaking in arabic. they are saying it's not an ethnic struggle. don't hate your neighbour or
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attack people from the other tribe. civilians are trying to take control. people don't want war. they are depressed. this is a new country barely two years old. there is so much hope forming a new country and now this happens. a lot of people are wondering what is going on and they hope it ends soon. >> south sudan heading to bor. people must be worried about an escalation of violence in that area. >> exactly. if you look at the map and where the rebels seem to be, the concern is they'll move down south to juba. this is the price. where the government is. basically the people in juba are concerned if the government loses territories, the ultimate
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prize, what will it be. those that can fly out have already. this morning we saw a mad rush. early hours of the morning. people thought there was one or two more plains left. those that can't run away will go to u.n. bases. people are concerned. they hope it doesn't happen but are planning in case it does. >> thank you for that. >> now, the president of the central african republic says anyone that committed crimes against civilians will face justice. the warning faces more gun battles in bangui. the city's poorly equipped hospitals are struggling to cope with the situation. andrew simmons reports. >> condolences were offered for the dead by michel djotobia. he called for national
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reconciliation and an appeal for humanitarian aid from the international community. he assured the car there would be justice for both sides, including rebels he fought alongside >> translation: whether it is those that helped in our fight or spread chaos, as i have shown, justice will be done. they are supposed to talk with all of those that took up arms, rightly or wrongly so all of us is armed. not only that we have to disarmour hearts. >> this assurance of justice is without response. to come out and spell clearly that both sides will be treated equally will the courts. whether it's too late, and whether it's delivered is an open question. there are so many divisions in the government, so much instability, but he did assure
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car that he will deliver free and fair elections. six people have been killed in a car bomb attack. he blew himself up in front of an army base. all those killed are believed to be soldiers. 16 were injured. >> in thailand riot police pushed back anti-government protesters from the front of the prime minister's house. thousands of demonstrators are out on the streets of bangkok saying they want to force out prime minister yingluck shinawatra because she's a puppet for her brother that's correct -- for her brother thaksin. >> it's a need for legitimacy to be there, when they do not clear up corruption and bribe votes and the people with all sorts of
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thinks including bribing or by policy bribing them. therefore all this call legitimate or on the other hands i like a democratic process to be resolved and i like to see constitution solution to this backdoor solution. >> after 10 years behind bars the freed russian olly garth mikhail khordorkovsky said he will not enter politics. he has no plans to receive product. he'll enjoy the first day of freedom in germany. >> this is the moment days ago. they must have thought was impossible. a family finally reunited. a day after mikhail khordorkovsky was released from a russian gaol, he was back in the arms of his parents. then in an interview he gave more details about conditions in
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prison. >> because for a year and two months and then in seg -- i had not much contact with family. >> mikhail khordorkovsky had been russia's richest men, a powerful group of oligarchs who had their wings clipped. vladimir putin's decision to pardon mikhail khordorkovsky surprised many. it came weeks before the start of the sochi winter olympics. for western public opinion it's an enormous event. it's a big step in order to soften a negative attitude towards putin's russia. the civilized society, that was the main motive. >> during his time in prison,
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mikhail khordorkovsky's image was transformed from that of a ruthless businessman to political activist. behind bars he was an outspoken critic of the kremlin, it's unclear how loud the voice will be now he's on the other side and out of russia. >> he was 10 years in different areas, and that means he has to learn what it means to live in a modern society and it's very difficult. he needs time. the kremlin will watch every move that mikhail khordorkovsky makes. on sunday we expect him to come here and give more details about his future, and how it involves russia. >> coming up, a political backlash in pakistan as the cost of food and petrol stores. we are surfing in rio de janeiro, where there's no shortage of champions.
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>> hello again. welcome back. the top stories - south sudan troops are going stop the rebellion by forces loyal to the former vice president riek machar. they are reported to have taken over the oil rich state. the president said anyone who has committed crimes against civilians will face justice. riots in bangui have killed another 37 people. >> riot police in thailand confronted anti-government
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protesters outside the prime minister's house. they want to force out yingluck shinawatra and reform the political system. >> leaders from ukraine's three main opposition parties are expected to hold more demonstrations in the capital. they are opposing the government for not signing a trade deal in europe. there's plenty of support for viktor yanukovych. >> from ukraine's east and south. supporters of the orthodox church came to the capital to pray for solidarity with russia. >> translation: western culture is not orthodox. western values are not acceptable for us. >> translation: nobody will win against us, because god is with us, united people, blessed by god. >> they say the orthodox church is one nation. these marches represent the
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divide in the ukraine. they say they should be aligned with russia, not europe, turning to the west is not part of the culture. >> they march outside parliament. government supporters gathered for days. many were bussed into the city. al jazeera saw some paid to be here. police remained out in full force. a promise to tear down barricades came to nothing. in the square itself the demand were the same. the government embraced european values. >> translation: you see how they live in russia and europe. the difference is obvious. >> the protest camp continues to grow. the latest addition, the photo exhibit on newly built barriers. organizers are calling for a mass gathering on sunday showing how much support they have, a month after demonstrations
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began. >> as 2013 comes to a close, al jazeera is looking at five of the biggest stories. nigeria has seen a spate of attacks by the armed group boko haram. 1200 have died since may. one woman is coping with the loss of a husband. >> 2013 has been a difficult year for this family. her husband were killed when boko haram attacked a church. several people were killed in the suicide bombing. regina remembers what happened as if it was yesterday. >> they hit my husband. he fell down inside the church. the police used their guns. they didn't know what is inside. the guy was trying to enter. so that police shoot the car.
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>> regina lost the family home because they couldn't afford the rent and spent most of 2013 selling vegetables on the street to make money. it's not enough to live on. >> since last year, my mum has not paid the house rent. >> many families have been affected by boko haram. the group, which wants reform of islamic law has been behind many bombings, hundreds have been killed. thousands have fought the groups in may when a state emergency was declared. most victims have not received help from authorities. this year the church has been trying to get on its feet. >> this is where the suicide attackers detonated explosives. you can see the impact over here. despite happens, the church has
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reopened and regina still attends mass here. this is a reminder of what happened. regina says she comes here to pray and think. >> i feel bad. sometimes when i come to church i like to be watching, what happened. >> regina wants to put 2013 behind her and is praying that 2014 will be a better year for her and her family and will be the end of boko haram. >> inflation in pakistan is at its highest level in two years. opposition leader imran khan is blaming the government and is calling for a rally.
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>> the weekly shopping is not what it used to be. he had to cut back on basics like cooking oil and rice because prices increased dramatically. the father of four is not sure how he is going to feed his family if costs keep rising. >> it's very hard to survive these days. prices go up day by day. i have electricity bills, school fees and medical expenses, i have no choice but to look after my family. >> inflation is on the rise after austerity is implemented by the government, aimed at satisfying strict measures attached to a 6, 500 bailout. the imf approved a loan package to stablilize the economy. in return it required the economy to make deep budget cuts, increase tax revenues and
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reform the energy sector with price hikes. some say the measures added to the deappreciation of the rooupee, and the slashing has contributed to the current inflation rate of 11%. seizing on the anger caused by soring costs is politician imran charn, the leaders of the movement for justice. he says the prime minister nawaz sharif is squarely to blame for the rising prices. political analysts question kahn's motifs. the government of imran khan are putting the real issues on a backburner and want to detract the attention from the real issues of employment, health issues and - by taking out rallies and protesting demonstrations. they want to detract the real issues.
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>> whatever the case, all he wants is for the prices to come down so that he can provide for his family the way he used to. >> nearly half of all indonesians, that's nearly 100 million people, have no access to clean drinking water, despite the fact that the country has some of the highest water prices in asia. >> something many take for granted. it's not a matter of just turning on the tap. this mother of five struggles every day to find drinking water, and after buying six gallons she barely has enough for her daily consumption. >> translation: we pay $0.30, $0.40. we pay one quarter of our income for water. otherwise it is even more
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expensive. we have to queue for the whole day and we are not sure we'll get it. it's an essential part of daily life. water is a luxe item. it played a huge part and even then it's too dirty to drink. >> this is a source of water much after being processed it reaches only 40% of households in the capital and it's still undrinkable. the government admits that polluted rivers and mismanagement are the main reason why indonesians have no access to drinking water. >> translation: if you talk about mismanagement i do not want to comment. we have lived up to our targets and we doubled our customers in 15 years. the government has not given us
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enough useable water sources. >> even indonesians with access to tap water complained about its quality. they say it's unusable for washing food or drinking. most people are forced to buy bottled water. the government admits something as crucial as water was never a priority. >> translation: if you ask me why it has not been fixed the water system should have been fixed certain years ago. the problem is classic, it comes down to allocation. >> the government aims to supply clean drinking water to all indonesians by 2020. it doesn't mean it can be consumed from the tap. at least people are hopeful they will not have to depend on sources from dirty rivers. >> a 75-year-old man is
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recovering after having an artificial heart transplant. three more are waiting to take part in the trial. >> this is a world first. an artificial heart designed to sustain the body for five years. surgeons at a paris hospital implanted another on wednesday. >> so far they are doing fine. >> the patient is doing very well. he's getting better every day. we are talking to him, he's recovering. we are correcting things little by little >> slowly we take away the dribs and drains in this situation >> dr s designed the heart to connect it to the patient. >> as you will have institute it's a great advantage of material which alternative.
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it is hard because it adapts in real time. >> thousands die every year while waiting for a heart donor. the artificial heart will change that. it weighs a kilo. it's three times the size. it runs lithium batteries at a cost of $240. it's almost out of reach for most people. the implant fits 90% of men and not many women. the company is working on a smaller one for women. three terminal patients will receive the heart in coming months. >> now a beach, ipanema beach attracts many from around the
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world. a community is bucking the trend. >> this is where anderson feels at home, riding the waves at the iconic beaches in rio de janeiro. he has been surfing since he was four and is a champion. some days getting in the water is tough. >> translation: when there would be shoot-outs in the community between police and traffickers that makes me sat. my bag would be searched by police and it would be torture to stay on the hill. >> pichachu has lived with violence. the father was a drug dealer killed by a grenade during police raids. it was his uncle teaching him how to tackle the waves. the sport was for the rich kids. >> when i started it was tough to get into surfing. the boards were expensive. those in faffalas couldn't afford them. i used to wait for someone's strap to snap and i'd grab it.
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>> this is ipanema beach, one of the most expensive places to live. even though it's 15 minutes away from where the kids live, it's another world. pichachu and friends live in this area. >> the joy of surfing is an escape. she says the sport not only teaches respect, but discipline. >> i do think i'm a role model. many here get pregnant, and do nothing with their lives. young girls see me and see a pretty girl who surfs and who travel outside the community thanks to my sport. back on the beach pichachu perfects his turns, determined
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to hang on to his title and travel the world chasing waves. >> and don't forget you can find out about the day's news and developments on our website. the address aljazeera.com. taxes in america, sure, the rich get hit hard but the middle class and the poor shoulder their share, too. i will break it down for you. also, the boss is watching you. american workers under surveillance on the job like never before. and what you don't know about tracking technology, i am ali velshi, and this is "real money." this is "real money." you are the most important part of the show.

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